terms legend and folktale are sometimes used interchangeably with myth.
Technically, however, these are not the same. How should we distinguish
them? Donna Rosenberg, in her book Folklore, Myth, and Legends: A World
Perspective, offers some useful guidelines:
A myth is a
sacred story from the past. It may explain the origin of
the universe and of life, or it may express its culture's moral values
in human terms. Myths concern the powers who control the human world
and the relationship between those powers and human beings. Although
myths are religious in their origin and function, they may also be the
earliest form of history, science, or philosophy...
folktale is a story that, in its plot, is pure fiction and that has no
particular location in either time or space. However, despite its
elements of fantasy, a folktale is actually a symbolic way of
presenting the different means by which human beings cope with the
world in which they live. Folktales concern people -- either royalty or
common folk -- or animals who speak and act like people...
legend is a story from the past about a subject that was, or is
believed to have been, historical. Legends concern people, places, and
events. Usually, the subject is a saint, a king, a hero, a famous
person, or a war. A legend is always associated with a particular place
and a particular time in history.
Granted soul, where do I
I see a world in need of help
Little red buffalo, won't you come with me?
Here I am, newborn child
It's cuz of you I'm buffalo boy
Little red buffalo, hey what do you feel?
Listen to the trees, here's what they say
The land's becoming dangerous
Newborn child, here's what we must do
Teach the old ways, share the knowledge
For all are part of the universe
Newborn child, that's what we must do
Oh, oh, oh
We are the ancestors, returning to you
We are all from the past
Little red buffalo, we were born together
Granted soul, now here we go
Reminding all our relatives
Fables of the Mayas
Kokopelli Legends & Lore
Legends and Folklore of the Northern Lights
from the United Kingdom