with He Dog, Oglala, S.D. July 7, 1930
(Thomas White Cow Killer, Interpreter)
with He Dog, at Oglala S.D. July 13th, 1930
(Interpreter, John Colhoff)
with He Dog, Oglala, SD, July 7, 1930
(Interpreter, Thomas White Cow Killer)
with He Dog, Oglala, SD July 13, 1930
(Remembrances of Crazy Horse)
Dog School History
(Located on the Rosebud Sioux
in the spring of 1840 on the headwaters of the Cheyenne River near the
Black Hills, He Dog
was the son of a headman named Black Stone and his wife, Blue Day, a
sister of Red Cloud. His youngest brother was Grant Short Bull. By
the 1860s, He Dog and his brothers had formed a small Oglala Lakota
band known as the Cankahuhan or Soreback Band which was closely
associated with Red Cloud's Bad Face band of Oglala.
and his relatives participated in the Great Sioux War of 1876-77. After
the treaty commission failed to persuade the Lakota to give up the
Black Hills, the President had an ultimatum sent in January 1876 to the
northern bands to come in to the agencies or be forced in by the army.
He Dog was encamped with the Soreback band on the Tongue River when the
message was delivered. He Dog's brother, Short Bull, later recalled
that the majority of the northern Oglala resolved to head in to the Red
Cloud Agency in the spring, after their last big buffalo hunt. In March
1876, He Dog married a young woman named Rock (Inyan) and with part of
the Soreback Band, stopped briefly with the Northern Cheyenne encamped
on the Powder River in Wyoming Territory. On the morning of March 17,
1876, a column of troops under Colonel Joseph J. Reynolds attacked.
"This attack was the turning point of the situation," Short Bull later
recalled. "If it had not been for that attack by Crook on Powder River,
we would have come in to the agency that spring, and there would have
been no Sioux war."
During the summer of 1876, He
Dog participated in Battle of the Rosebud and Battle of the Little
Bighorn. He also fought at Slim Buttes in September 1876 and Wolf
Mountain in January 1877. He finally surrendered at the Red Cloud
Agency with Crazy Horse in May 1877. Following the killing of Crazy
Horse, He Dog accompanied the Oglala to Washington, D.C. as a delegate
to meet the President.
He Dog and other members of the
Soreback Band fled the Red Cloud Agency after its removal to the
Missouri River during the winter of 1877-78.. Crossing into Canada,
they joined Sitting Bull in exile for the next two years. Most of the
northern Oglala surrendered at Fort Keogh in 1880 and were then
transferred to the Standing Rock Agency in the summer of 1881. He Dog
and all the northern Oglala were finally transferred to the Pine Ridge
Reservation to join their relatives in the spring of 1882.
He Dog lived the remainder of
his life on the Pine Ridge Reservation. He served as a respected Indian
judge and later in life, was interviewed by a number of historians,
including Walter Mason Camp, Eleanor Hinman and Mari Sandoz. He died in
click image for larger version
S. Curtis Photo
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