Eastern Tribes of First Contact
Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey and Delaware




Some information in Charts from
Geographical Index to the Tribes of the United States and Canada
and some from
Native American Indian Resource Information - Maryland Area

Information in BOLD from:
Bureau of Indian Affairs
Office of Public Affairs MS-4542-MIB
1849 C Street, NW, Washington, DC  20240-0001
Office: 202-208-3711  Fax: 202-501-1516
[Re: email addresses on this page:  _AT_ =@  and  _DOT_ =. a period]

Virginia

Chickahominy Tribe
RFD 1, P.O. Box 299
Providence Forge, VA 23140
(804) 829-2027
Eastern Chickahominy
Route 2 Box 90
Providence Forge, VA 23140
804-745-6508
Mattiponi Indian Nation
Route 2, P.O. Box 325
West Point, Virginia 23181
804-769-2245
Monacan Indian Tribe
P.O. Box 173,
Moroe, VA 27574
804-292-3289
Nansemond Indian Tribal Association
3429 Galberry Road
Chesapeake, VA 23323
804-487-5116
Pamunkey Nation
Route 1, P.O. Box 226
King William, VA 23086
804-843-3526
United Rappahannock Tribe
Indian Neck, VA 23077
804-769-3128
Upper Mattaponi Tribe
Chief Ken Adams
7412 Adams Farm Road
Mechanicsville, VA 23111
(804) 769-2408
Ani-Stohini/Unami Nation
P.O. Box 979
Fries, VA 24330
276-744-3433
Assateague Indians of Virginia - Mattaponi
Senior Clan Mother - Charlotte Collins
PO Box 111, Locustville, Virginia 23404
email: assateague@virginiaindians.com

Map of Indian territories in Virginia, c.1600
Map of Indian territories in Virginia, 1992
http://spec.lib.vt.edu/archives/diversity/amindian/tribes.html
Map: Tribal Headquarters for Virginia's Eight State-Recognized Tribes
Virginia Council on Indians - Virginia Tribes
Has Contact Information: address, chief, etc., and brief History & Information as well.


Maryland

Accohannock Indian Tribe
Ms. Anne Buck McKay, Tribal Elder
427 Loblolly Lane
Salisbury, Maryland 21801-6851
(410) 749-2696
Many Waters Band of the S.E.C.C.I. (South Eastern Cherokee Council , Inc. )
Octoraro Creek located in
Cecil County, Maryland
The Nause-Waiwash (Nassue-Waiwash) Tribe (Nanticoke)     Sewell Fitzhugh
7 Willis Street
Cambridge, Maryland 21613
(410) 228-5243
Piscataway Conoy Confederacy and Subtribes
P.O. Box 1484
LaPlata, MD 20646
301-609-7625
Fax: 609-9317
The Piscataway Indian Nation
Billy "Red Wing" Tayac
PO Box 131
Accokeek, Maryland 20607
(301) 932-0808
Pocomoke Indian Nation
John Howard
3169 Calvary Road
Crisfield, Maryland 21817
No phone
Pocomoke Indian Nation
P.O. Box 687
Mount Airy, MD 21771
Pocomoke_AT_erols_DOT_com
The Youghiogheny Band of Shawnee    Joseph
6110 Melvern Drive
Bethesda, Maryland 20851
(301) 530-5281


New Jersey

Echota Chickamauga Cherokee Tribe of NJ
(State recognized)
1164 Stuyvesant Ave.
Irvington NJ 07111
973-372-0252
Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape
(State recognized)
P. O. Box 544 / 18 East Commerce St.
Bridgeton, NJ   08302
(609) 455-6910    Fax: 455-5338
Osprey Band of Free Cherokees
P.O. Box 673
Mays Landing, NJ 08330
(609) 625-4129
Powhatan Renape Nation
Rankokus Indian Reservation
P.O. Box 225
Rancocas, NJ 08073-0225
609-261-4747
Ramapough Mountain Indians
189 Stag Hill Rd
Mahwah, NJ 07430
201-529-1171
Unalachtigo Band of the Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape Nation
Bldg. 191, Back Neck Rd.
Bridgeton, NJ 08302
856.305.6776 Off.
Taino Jatibonuc™ Tribe of Puerto Rico
(This link is Off-site)
703 South Eighth Street
NJ-US Taino Tribal Affairs Office
Vineland NJ 08360
609-690-1565 | Fax: 609-825-7922

Delaware (LENAPE) Indian History
(Mainly Tribes in NJ and DE)

Delaware

Nanticoke Indian Association, Inc. (State Recognized)
Rt. 4, Box 107-A
Millsboro   DE     19966
302-945-3400
Mitsawokett
History and Genealogy
Native American Isolate Communities
Kent County, Delaware


Virginia

Assateague Indians of Virginia - Mattaponi - VA
http://www.esva.net/~assateague/index.htm - old URL, redirects
Assateague means "swifly moving water" We are a tribal group comprised mainly of local people with American Native blood in our heritage. It is a fallacy to think that there were no Indians left after contact with the Colonials. Our numbers were decimated by diseases that were new to us, and the need for land by those arriving from Europe forced our larger family groups to flee. We hid along the swamps, marshes, bays and oceans of the Eastern Shores of Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware. Historically, we were known also as the Kickotanks or the Great Assateagues
Today, many of us try to live as traditionally as possible in this modern world. We believe, as our Ancestors did, that we must honor The Great Spirit on a daily basis and even minute by minute. The Earth Mother and all our brothers and sisters, the two legged and the four legged, are our relations.

So if you or your family have any questions or even things that you've just wondered about concerning the contact or precontact era Peoples Native to the Eastern Shores of Virginia, Maryland and Delaware, email (questions_AT_assateaguepeoples_DOT_org) us and we will try to feature the answers on site.


Ani-Stohini/Unami Nation - VA
They are a small Indian tribe located in the mountains of southern Appalachia primarily in the seven mountain counties of Carroll, Grayson, Wythe, Washington, Smyth, Patrick, and Floyd in the state of Virginia and Surry and Alleghany Counties in North Carolina. The people themselves have been called over forty different names throughout history. It is possible that the people come from an ancient peoples who have resided in the area for over fourteen thousand years. The original Tla Wilano language probably didn't resemble the modern language While the tribe is petitioning for federal acknowledgement, it remains the only tribe in the eastern United States with a tribal language still intact that does not have federal status. The tribe receives no aid from the state or federal governments.
Bean Tree Hollow Farm is one of the oldest operating farms in North America. It was farmed by our people and later farmed as a part of a 1670 plantation grant. Our products from bulk herbs to Ani-Stohini/Unami Nation bone and abalone shell button full gussett dresses are of better quality than ANYTHING the large commercial whole sale companies have.
Check out their other Projects and Programs.


Chickahominy Tribe - VA
The following information is from American Indian Resource Center (AIRC) at The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia:
The Chickahominy tribe is Virginia's largest, with approximately one thousand members. It was recognized by the state of Virginia in 1983. Their land includes a 25,000-acre enclave that has:
  • a 500-acre tract that holds what once was known as Samaria Indian School, now known as Charles City Primary School.
  • a tribal center for meeting and recreation.
  • a 225-acre tract set aside for younger tribe members who wish to live and raise their families within the enclave.
  • The Chickahominy tribe is located in Charles City County in Virginia, midway between Richmond and Williamsburg. This is near the area in which they lived when Jamestown was founded. At that time, the Tribe lived in villages along the Chickahominy River from Jamestown to the middle of the current county of New Kent. Because of their proximity to Jamestown, the Chickahominy people had early contact with the English settlers. They helped the settlers survive during their first few winters here by trading food for other items. Later, the Tribal members helped teach the settlers how to grow and preserve their own food. (more history on AIRC website)


    The Chickahominy Tribe Eastern Division
    Chief Marvin Bradby
    This American Indian Resource Center page states: (This tribe), located 25 miles east of Richmond in New Kent County, VA, organize themselves for religious, educational, and benevolent reasons. They focus on the needs and concerns of their community, and they reach out to help those in need. As a small group of people, they rely on contributions and dues for economic support.


    Mattaponi Indian Tribe - VA http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mattaponi
    Mattaponi Indian Reservation
    The Mattaponi Indian Reservation was created from land long held by the Tribe by an act of the Virginia General Assembly in 1658. Being one of the oldest reservations in the country, the Tribe traces its history back to the Great Chief Powhatan, father of Pocahontas, who ruled most of Tidewater Virginia when Europeans arrived in 1607. The story of Pocahontas and Captain John Smith begins here. The Mattaponi Indian Tribe is State recognized and continues to maintain its own Sovereign government.
    Chief: Webster "Little Eagle" Custalow crossed over to Spirit March 21, 2003, in his home on the reservation. He was 90, a descendant of Pocahontas, known by both Indian and non-Indian people for his spirituality, and served as the tribeís chief for the past 25 years. During this time, Custalow continued the "Mattaponi Treaty of Tribute to the Commonwealth of Virginia," an annual tribute since the treatyís 1646 signing and 1677 ratification. Quoted from the excellent article by: Bobbie Whitehead / Correspondent / Indian Country Today.
    Asistant Chief: Carl "Lone Eagle" Custalow



    The Monacan Indian Tribe of Virginia, Inc.
    The most western of Virginia's eight tribes, the Monacan Nation - over 1,400 strong - preserves our past heritage and ancient customs, bringing together the Siouan language and culture. They are a registered 501(c)(3) tax-exempt corporation. Contributions are tax-deductable.
    Bear Mountain in Amherst County has been the home of the Monacan people for more than 10,000 years. The earliest written histories of Virginia record that in 1607, the James River Monacan (along with their Mannahoac allies on the Rappahannock River) controlled the area between the Fall Line in Richmond and the Blue Ridge Mountains.
    The Monacans and Thomas Jefferson, on PBS site, gives the following information, and much more, including that Jefferson excavated on of the Monacan burial mounds! "The Monacans, with their neighbors and allies the Mannahoacs, were living in the foothills of Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountains when English settlers arrived in the 17th century. English settlers met and made peace with a coastal people, the Powhatan, who were enemies of the inland tribes."
    "The Monacans lived in dome-shaped houses -- bark and reed mats on a frame of slender branches -- in villages surrounded by log palisades. They grew corn, bean, squash and other crops. In hunting season they left their villages to pursue game. Unlike other Virginia tribes the Monacans buried their dead in mounds. Jefferson knew of thirteen in the country around his childhood home, near Charlottesville."

    Karenne Wood - Monacan Storyteller
    An enrolled member of the Monacan Indian Nation, Karenne serves on the Tribal Council. She has worked as an editorial assistant. real estate agent, a domestic violence victims' advocate, and as an activist for the rights of women and American Indians and for environmental issues.


    Nansemond Tribe - VA
    Nansemond Indian Tribal Association, P.O. Box 2095, Portsmouth, VA 23702-2095
    At the time of the Jamestown Settlement in 1607 the Nansemond tribe was located in the general area of Reeds Ferry, near Chuckatuck, in the current city of Suffolk, Virginia. Their King lived near Dumpling Island where he kept his Treasure houses. The tribe had a population of approximately 1200 with 300 bowmen. In 1608 Jamestown was suffering from a severe food shortage.
    These pages last updated 09/03/01


    Pamunkey Indian Tribe
    The history of the Pamunkey Tribe has been recorded by archaeologist, anthropologist and historians and dates back ten to twelve thousand years.
    The Pamunkey Indians were the most powerful of the tribes in the great Powhatan paramount chiefdom, which consisted of approximately 35 tribes with an estimated population of 10,000 people under the leadership of Chief Powhatan.
    The Pamunkey Tribe has been recognized by the Commonwealth of Virginia as an Indian Tribe since colonial times. The reservation was confirmed to the Tribe as early as 1658 by the Governor, the Council, and the General Assembly of Virginia. The treaty of 1677 between the King of England, acting through the Governor of Virginia, and several Indian Tribes including the Pamunkey is the most important existing document describing Virginia's relationship towards Indian land.


    Rappahannock Tribe: A proud, sad history - Excellent article! As told by current Chief G. Anne Richardson.

    Rappahannock Chief G. Anne Richardson is the first female elected to lead a Powhatan tribe since the 1700s. The Rappahannock Tribe, one the many Algonquian-speaking tribes of the Powhatan chiefdom in the 1600s, is a state-recognized tribe of the Commonwealth of Virginia. As tribal leader, Richardson currently is pursuing federal recognition of the Rappahannock Tribe and overseeing planning for a retreat center and museum dedicated to the Rappahannock culture and heritage, to be completed by 2007. (source: http://www.jamestown2007.org/lectureseries.htm)

    Captain O. Nelson, former chief of the Rappahannock Tribe, died Friday, March 21, 2003 at his home in Indian Neck, VA. He was 79. Chief Nelson succeeded his father as tribal chief in 1963 and served for 32 years. During his tenure, he worked at the Jamestown Festival Park's Indian Village as a history interpreter of Powhatan history and tradition with his wife, Gladys A. Nelson. See cached copy of Richmond Times-Dispatch Obituary

    From http://www.firstnations.org/grants/grantee_map/virginia/rappahannock_tribe__inc._(.htm:
    Rappahanock Tribe (Indian Neck, Virginia) Set up a Community Land Trust to take control of lands formerly occupied by the tribe and study the establishment of a tribally-owned and -operated construction company to build homes on the common trust land. Grant of $5,000 made in May 1998.


    Upper Mattaponi
    The Upper Mattaponi tribe is a group of urban, non-reservated Indians whose origin can be traced to both the Mattaponi and Pamunkey Reservations. The Upper Mattaponi are a people of high morals and strong ties to Christianity, and their community is centered around the Indian View Baptist Church. They sponsor an annual Pow-Wow and have photos on their Pow-Wow page.


    Maryland

    Accohannock Indian Living Village
    The Accohannock Indian Tribe is building a Native American Living Village in Marion, MD, on Maryland's Eastern Shore
    The Accohannock Indian Tribe shall preserve and promote its history, language, traditions, and culture; foster sound education, health, social, and economic well-being of individuals and the tribal community, and with trust and integrity, aspire to achieve self-sufficiency and self-determination.

    From: http://skipjack.net/le_shore/accohannock/history.html
    The Accohannock Indian Tribe is one of the oldest historical tribes in Maryland. The Tribal Office is located in Marion, MD, a small town just north of Crisfield. The Accohannocks originally inhabited the territory they called Accomack which, after colonization, became the Eastern Shore of Old Virginia and is presently the Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia. The territory included the Chesapeake Bay home villages on the Annemessex River at present day Crisfield, MD, on the Accohannock Creek in Virginia and on the islands in the Chesapeake Bay.
    The Accohannock Indian Tribe is an Algonquian-speaking sub-tribe of the Powhatan nation.


    Many Waters Band of the S.E.C.C.I. (South Eastern Cherokee Council , Inc. )
    Octoraro Creek located in Cecil County, Maryland
    We seek to preserve, protect, and pass on to our children, the traditions and heritages of our Native American cultures.
    We seek to organize together as a distinct group of Native American People within the Euro-American society for the purposes of socialization, spirituality, pursuit of Native knowledge, and as the basic right of Native American People to join together within the Euro-American society, and to be recognized by that society As the Native American Persons that we are


    Nause-Waiwash Tribe (Nanticoke)  (sometimes Nassue-Waiwash)
    [website for this group is being planned]
    "We know we're here. We've never left." . . . "We want the state of Maryland and all to acknowledge they didn't kill us all, that some of us managed to survive."
    This group of over 250 are descendants of the original Nanticoke whose home was/is The Eastern Shore of Maryland. Their name, Nause-Waiwash (nah-soo WAY-wash), is a reference to two Nanticoke ancestral villages. Based in Dorchester County, Maryland, they are not far from Fishing Bay Wildlife Management Area, the stateís largest wildlife management area. In Fishing Bay are Guinea and Chance islands, the ancestral home of the Nause-Waiwash Indian tribe who still make annual visits. Camping is available for education groups and Nause-Waiwash tribe members only, according to Maryland Department of Natural Resources.
    The Tribe has restored their Longhouse at the corner of Maple Dam Road and Greenbriar Road, half a mile from Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, which is adjacent to Fishing Bay. This year (2003) the Nause-Waiwash Band of Indians will host their 11th Annual Native American Festival, September 13-14, Sailwinds Park, Dorchester County.


    The Piscataway Conoy Confederacy and Subtribes
    Ms. Mervin Savoy, Tribal Chair
    State officials say that most of the about 25,000 American Indians who live in Maryland are Piscataway. But after the 1978 death of an important Piscataway figure, Turkey Tayac, the tribe broke in three: the Piscataway-Conoy Confederacy and Subtribes, the Maryland Indian Heritage Society and the Piscataway Indian Nation.
    The Piscataway Conoy people are the indigenous people of the region we call Maryland today. Currently, they do not have Federal or State recognition. However, the Maryland Commission on Indian Affairs officially recommended to Maryland's Governor the tribe be extended official state recognition. The Piscataway Conoy are expected to receive their state recognition within the year (written in 2001). Additionally, the Piscataway Conoy are seeking Federal recognition from the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
    Piscataway Conoy Museum
    LaPlata, Maryland 20646
    (301) 932-2899
    By appointment only. Museum and cultural events.


    Piscataway Nation
    Welcome to the Piscataway Nation and Tayac Territory Web Site! This page is dedicated to the Piscataway ancestors and the generations yet to come. Here, you can learn our history, our culture, and look through our Archive for historic documentation, information and photos.

    From http://www.fileshop.com/~gbyron/kin/maryland/page12.html:
    Piscataway Nation
    Indian artifacts in St Mary's County date as far back as 9,000 BC. There was an Indian village at the town's site according to Captain John Smith's 1607 map--drawn long before colonists actually settled there. When Englishmen began to arrive, they met what were called the Chapticoes--part of an 11-tribe confederation of the Piscataway Indian nation. There were about 500 in the nation.
    The Indians of southern Maryland--who had lived there for thousands of years, had virtually disappeared in a 50 year span after the arrival of colonists from the British Isles.

    Piscataway Indian Museum
    Brandywine, Maryland
    (301) 782-7622 or 372-1932
    By appointment only. Museum and cultural events.


    Pocomoke Indian Nation - MD
    Please feel free to contact us at the E-Mail address ( Pocomoke_AT_erols_DOT_com).
    Excellent History: (only one paragraph copied here):
    Generally, it is considered that we are one of the neighbor tribes to our brothers, the Nanticoke, the Assateague, and the Accohannock. Our ancestors lived along the banks of the Pocomoke river up to the area around present day Crisfield MD. The Pocomoke Indian People are an Algonquian-speaking sub-tribe of the Powhatan nation. The bands of the Pocomoke People were part of the Accomac Confederation.
    Present:
    We survive. The recent past has not been good but we look to the future and hope that the Pocomoke People along with our brothers of the American Indians Of the Eastern Shore of Maryland, Incorporated, can continue so that together we can all move forward instead of carrying the heavy burden of the past. We wish to again be a unified people and wish to be one with our brothers on the Eastern shore.


    The Youghiogheny Band of Shawnee
    Joseph
    This information and that in the chart above, is from Native American Indian Resource Information - Maryland Area by John Wigle. Internet searches have not yet found any other information on this Band.



    Delaware (LENAPE) Indian History (short)

    Delaware (LENAPE) Indian History (long)
    The name DELAWARE was given to the people who lived along the Delaware River, and the river in turn was named after Lord de la Warr, the governor of the Jamestown colony. The name Delaware later came to be applied to almost all Lenape people. In our language, which belongs to the Algonquian language family, we call ourselves LENAPE (len-NAH-pay) which means something like "The People." Our ancestors were among the first Indians to come in contact with the Europeans (Dutch, English, & Swedish) in the early 1600s. The Delaware were called the "Grandfather" tribe because we were respected by other tribes as peacemakers since we often served to settle disputes among rival tribes or The Delawares are called "Grandfathers" by the other Algonquian tribes because they believe them to be the oldest and original Algonquian nation. . We were also known for our fierceness and tenacity as warriors when we had to fight, however, we preferred to choose a path of peace with the Europeans and other tribes.

    The Delaware (LENAPE) Indian Westward Migration
    MAP: shows the forced migrations of the Lenape or Delaware people from our eastern homeland (marked in red) to Oklahoma. Our original homeland was all of New Jersey, eastern Pennsylvania, northern Delaware, and southeastern New York.

    The Lenape People
    Description and links to several pages not listed here.


    New Jersey

    Echota Chickamauga Cherokee Tribe of NJ (State recognized)
    CW Longbow, Principal Chief
    No other information found on the Internet as yet.


    The Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indians Of New Jersey
    We are a State Recognized Tribe and have registered our intent to file for Federal Recognition.
    Our Cultural Center is located at:
    18 East Commerce Street, Bridgeton, NJ 08302
    Phone: 609-455-6910 Fax 609-455-5338
    From Our Beginning:
    The Lenni-Lenape Indians are known by the Algonkin Tribes as the "Original People", "Grandfather" or "Men of Men", while the Nanticoke Indians are known as the "Tidewater People". The descendants of these two Tribes are still in existence today and living in New Jersey, Delaware and through-out the United States.

    Standing Bear Homepage: Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Indians Of New Jersey


    Osprey Band of Free Cherokee, New Jersey
    No information found on the Internet, other than that in the Chart for NJ Tribes.


    Powhatan Renape Nation
    "Welcome to the Powhatan Renape Nation, an American Indian Nation located at the Rankokus Indian Reservation in Westampton Township, Burlington County, New Jersey. We are recognized by the state of New Jersey as an American Indian Nation, as well as a non-profit entity. In addition to providing social services to the American Indian community in New Jersey, our goal is to educate the non-Indian community about our traditional ways, beliefs, traditions, and culture.
    This page is one way we intend to enlighten all about the Powhatan Renape Nation's history." "We are the native natural people of this land, descendants of an ancient confederation that at one time included over thirty nations. Our people were placed here by the Creator, and have maintained an unbroken history of thousands of years of settlement along the coastal areas of the mid-Atlantic. Although most of our lands are now occupied by others, many of the nation of the original Powhatan Confederacy still survive. The oldest treaty written in this land is between the Powhatan Nations in the year 1646."
    Also very important: The Pocohantas Myth.


    Ramapough Mountain Indians - Munsee (Minisink) - NJ
    http://www.ramapoughmountainindians.com/ (Not now online 05/29/03)
    The Ramapough Mountain Indians (Ramapo Mountain People) in the northern part of the New Jersey have almost 2,500 members. Although there is some mention of possible Tuscarora ancestry, they appear to be a mixture of Munsee, Mattabesic (Ramapo from southwest Connecticut), Pompton (Wappinger who relocated to northern New Jersey during the 1660s) and Metoac descendants. The Ramapo request for federal recognition was denied in 1993. Just northeast of Philadelphia is the 600 member Powhatan-Renape Nation at Rancocas, New Jersey - apparently a mix of Unami Delaware, Nanticoke, and Powhatan. from Delaware History

    Ramapough Mountain Indians v. Babbitt, 2000 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14479 (D.C. District Ct. 2000)
    Court granted government's motion for summary judgment since Plaintiff, 2600 individuals claiming to be descendants of the Munsee Tribe, failed to show that the government violated its own regulations concerning federal recognition or that the government acted arbitrarily, capriciously, or in violation of any law.

    Ramapough Lenape History by NJ Department of State
    Appears to be good positive thumbnail history

    The Forges & Manor of Ringwood - Native Americans
    The land around The Forges & Manor of Ringwood is, and always has been, the home of the Ramapough Mountain Indians. Descendents of the Lenni Lenapi, the early German settlers, and others, the Ramapough Mountain Indians live in the hills above the manor house. They have always held key positions in the iron making industry and in the running of the estate.
    Also Excellent Links to other information
    http://www.ringwoodmanor.com/na/iitr.htm
    http://www.ringwoodmanor.com/na/pondstory.htm
    http://www.ringwoodmanor.com/na/erhtext.htm
    Ringwood Manor ï Sloatsburg Road, Ringwood, NJ 07456

    The following is an excellent paper with a list of dozens of sources of information, by someone who lived near and was befriended by the Ramapough People from childhood on til the present.
    Ramapough Mountain People: “The Jackson Whites”

    by:
    Randy D. Ralph, MLIS, Ph.D.
    In place 1995.  Last updated January 2, 2001.  Copyright © Randy D. Ralph.

    Unalachtigo Band of the Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape Nation - NJ
    The Unalachtigo Band of the Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape Nation is located in and around the City of Bridgeton, County of Cumberland, State of New Jersey.
    Our tribal community is located approximately 25 minutes from Atlantic City, New Jersey; 30 minutes from Wilmington, Delaware; 1 hour and 30 minutes from Baltimore, Maryland; 2 hours from Washington, DC; and 2 hours from New York City.
    The Unalachtigo Band of the Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape Nation (a.k.a., the Turkey clan) is a independent surviving tribe of Nanticoke-Lenni Lenape Indians, who have an unbroken history of hundreds of years of settlement in southern New Jersey; and has been historically preserved intact and is widely accepted as culturally unique. [NOTE: much more history and other information on their site]


    Delaware

    Nanticoke Indian Association, Inc.
    This is a great page. Lots of information and history! including Legend from the Walum Olum
    The Nanticoke Indian Tribe of Delaware is a State Legislatively Recognized Indian Tribe based in Sussex County, Delaware with registered tribal members residing throughout the United States. The name Nanticoke is derived from a term meaning "People of the Tide Water". The current enrolled members of the tribe are the direct descendants of the powerful Nanticoke confederacy that once controlled most of the Delmarva Peninsula, and are representative of those families that chose to stay or return to the tribal homeland while others moved north to avoid European encroachment

    Black Eagle's Homepage: Nanticoke Indian History
    [Its on Tripod, lots of cookies and pop-up ads :o( ]
    The Nanticoke Indians once roamed the area of what is now Maryland and Delaware. The Last villages and Reservations On Delmarva were dissolved during the decade preceding 1750. The people from Delmarva were relocating to the North and West. But some Indian families stayed behind, merging invisibly into the white society. Now their customs and their language is lost. The last speaker of Nanticoke Lydia Clark, Died between 1840 and 1850.


    Mitsawokett
    Very Interesting!
    The History and Genealogy of the Native American Isolate Communities of Kent County, Delaware, and Surrounding Areas on the Delmarva Peninsula and Southern New Jersey


    Eastern Delaware Nation was comprised of twelve tribes
    Nanticoke Lenni-Lenape Munsey Conoy Susquehannok Shawnee Sicannasee Wiccomiko Alleghany Conestoga Umlatchgo
    Questions about E.D.N. should be directed to Ulla Nass, Secretary, RR1 Box 1143, Forksville, PA 18616 -- 570-924-908
    http://www.allnativepeople.com/edn.htm

    Wyalusing Rocks - Native American Historic Site
    http://www.questpublish.com/museumnet/wyrocks.html
    The Eastern Delaware Nation owns land near This Site On U.S. Route 6 Just South of Wyalusing. Wyalusing Rocks commands a spectacular view of the Susquehanna River Valley. ìWyalusingî means 'where the old man sits'.


    West Virginia

    Appalachian American Indians of West Virginia
    http://www.aaiwv-ani.org/

    Wapacoli Ani Regional Gathering of AAIWV.
    http://www.geocities.com/thunderhawk87/index.html
    First Sunday of Every Month
    12 Noon, Jakes Run Elementary School Gym
    Morgantown WV



    Original Eastern Tribes of First Contact
    We cannot attest to the accuracy of this list; still learning.

    DELAWARE
    Tribe
      Sub-Tribe
    Delaware/Lenni Lenape
      Canarsee
      Esophus
      Hackensack
      Manhattan
      Moravian,
      Munsee (Muncie)
      Pavonia
      Raritan
      Tappan
      Unalachtigo
      Unami
    Nanticoke

    MARYLAND
    Tribe
      Sub-Tribe
    Conoy
    Nanticoke
    Powhatan Confed.
      Chickahominy
      Nansemond
      Potomac
      Powhatan
      Rappahannock
    Shawnee
    Susquehannock
      Andaste
    NEW JERSEY
    Tribe
      Sub-Tribe
    Brotherton - various tribes who settled together
    Delaware/Lenni Lenape
      Canarsee
      Esophus
      Hackensack
      Manhattan
      Moravian
      Munsee (Muncie)
      Pavonia
      Raritan
      Tappan
      Unalachtigo
      Unami
    VIRGINIA / WEST VIRGINIA
    Tribe
      Sub-Tribes
    Cherokee
      Chickamauga
    Manahoac (aka Mahock)
    Manakin/Monacan
    Meherrin
    Moneton
    Nahyssan
    Nottaway
    Ocaneechi
    Powhatan Confed.
      Chickahominy
      Mattaponi
      Nansemond
      Pamunkey
      Potomac
      Powhatan,
    Rappahannock
    Saponi
    Shakori/Shoccoree
    Shawnee
    Tutelo
    Sources: Atlas of the North American Indian by Carl Waldman with Maps and Illustrations (of tribal locations and migrations) by Molly Braun.
    Taken from complete list of Northeastern U. S. Tribes available at GenealogyForum.


    Other Sites:

    Canku Ota - November 30, 2002 - State's Tribes Gather to Give Thanks (Virginia)

    Indian relations

    article by Shannon Banks, Flat Hat Staff Writer, about Virginia Indian Oral History Project. Flat Hat is a publication of The College of William & Mary, Williamsburg, VA, .

    Powhatan: who are they?

    Pre-contact information on the Native American group in the Chesapeake region.
    What are the Powhatans doing today?
    A brief paragraph on the status of each of the current 7 Tribes of the Powhatan
    Both the above sites Provided by:
    Chesapeake Bay - Native Americans - The Mariners' Museum, Newport News, Virginia

    INDIAN ETHNOBOTANY DATABASE

    Scroll down page and type in (for example) Rappahannock, submit query. A list of plants used by the Rappahannock tribe will appear.

    United Indians of Virginia

    Wingapo! Welcome to United Indians of Virginia official website!
    The United Indians of Virginia (UIV) is an organization established to enhance communications between and among the indigenous Indian tribes recognized by the Commonwealth of Virginia and/or the United Indians of Virginia. Our mission is to improve the general welfare and cultural survival of Virginiaís tribal population. Our philosophy is that improvements in the lives of Native Americans can best be achieved by empowering their communities to attain a greater degree of self-sufficiency.

    Virginia Council on Indians
    The Virginia Council on Indians reports its findings and recommendations to the Governor and General Assembly 60 days prior to the convening of the session of the General Assembly held in each even numbered year. The Council reports directly to the Secretary of Health & Human Resources and is comprised of 13 members, appointed by the Governor in the following categories:
  • Representatives from Each of the Eight State Recognized Tribes
  • Two Indian Members At-Large
  • One Citizen Member At-Large
  • One Delegate Member from the General Assembly
  • One Senator Member from the General Assembly
  • All council members work strictly on a volunteer basis. They meet monthly at the Capitol in Richmond Virginia, to discuss issues pertinent to the Indigenous population. Indians in Virginia
    Library of Virginia k12 project, excellent, up to date links

    Virginia Indian Tribal Alliance for Life (VITAL)

    This website is designed to keep interested parties and our supporters informed about our progress in our struggle to achieve Federal Recognition for six Virginia state recognized tribes. (older, there are now eight)

    Virginia's First Peoples

    "Wingapo! This is a place where natives and non natives can learn more about the history and the contemporary issues facing Virginia's Indigenous Peoples. Ideas will be exchanged, articles will be posted and hopefully a dialogue will be created that will inform and motivate people to learn about these rich and diverse cultures." (Yahoo! Groups)

    Internet School Library Media Center: Virginia's Indians, Past & Present

    This is an excellent extensive list of links to almost every Native group connected with Virgina. Many from the past that are not listed on this page.

    Occaneechi: Tutelo-Saponi
    207 E. Center Street, Mebane, North Carolina, 27302 | 919-304-3723   This site is dedicated to a tribal exploration of the language of the Occaneechi-Saponi and its ancestors.

  • Occaneechi: Language is Culture

    Searching for Saponi Town
    This site is for those seeking to identify and research Native ancestry deriving from the Piedmont of Virginia and North Carolina. These are Siouan people, commonly referred to generically as the Saponi or Tutelo. Many families connected to these bloodlines have carried the identification of "Blackfoot."

    List of State Recognized Tribes
    American Indians at Virginia Tech
    Wisdom Keepers, Inc.
    Who Owns the Past
    Native American Television Online
    Native Peoples: History
    Native Peoples: Literature

  • Indigenous Peoples' Literature Return to Indigenous Peoples' Literature
    This page was compiled by c.pepper, at the request of Glenn Welker for
    Debora Littlewing Moore
    Pamunkey Indian Womens Circle
    Pamunkey Tribe/Powhatan Nation


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