of Chinese literature begins with the Shih
Ching or Book of Songs, an anthology of 305 lyrics of various types,
compiled ca. 600 B. C. Most of the songs probably were composed and
sung between 1000 and 700 B. C., mostly at Chou court ceremonies (and
thus provide a cross-section of early-Chou culture). Some Sinologists
have suggested, however, that certain lyrics from the Book of Songs
may represent much earlier work, dating from the Shang dynasty
Whatever the work's true dates of composition, two important traditions account for the origin and survival of the Book of Songs. The first, recorded by a Chinese historian from the first century B. C., maintains that Confucius personally selected these 305 poems from an earlier collection of over three thousand. Choosing poems which exemplified his ideas about statecraft and harmonious personal relations, Confucius arranged them in their present order, revising the musical scores to which the songs were customarily sung.
are possibly one of the oldest birds on earth and
paper cranes are also given to ill people to
English word "myth" comes from the Greek word "mythos"